ISSN print edition: 0366-6352
ISSN electronic edition: 1336-9075
Registr. No.: MK SR 9/7

Published monthly

Determination of orotic acid in human urine using a combination of two capillaries with different internal diameters

Andrea Šebestová and Jan Petr

Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Palacký University in Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic



Received: 8 July 2019  Accepted: 27 January 2020


The aim of this study was to develop a fast method of screening for orotic acid in untreated urine by capillary electrophoresis with using a combination of two capillaries with different internal diameters, 50 μm and 100 μm. Under the optimized conditions, 100 mM sodium phosphate buffer pH 2.2, voltage of 5 kV, hydrodynamic injection at 50 mbar for 5 s, and detection at 214 nm, the migration time of orotic acid was only 2.1 min. The validation of the method resulted in orotic acid recoveries of 96.5 ± 0.8%. We achieved good precision with RSD of migration times at less than 0.8% and peak areas lower than 3.1% intraday precision. We obtained a very good linearity in the validated range 1–100 μmol L−1, R2 0.9993, and a limit of detection of 2.4 μmol L−1. Finally, we proved that the method is robust, including the connection of capillaries, using the Youden test.

Keywords: Capillary electrophoresis; Coupled capillaries; High-speed separation; Orotic acid; Urine

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-020-01076-7


Chemical Papers 74 (7) 2375–2379 (2020)

Tuesday, April 16, 2024

SCImago Journal Rank 2021
European Symposium on Analytical Spectrometry ESAS 2022
© 2024 Chemical Papers