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A procedure for the determination of dichloromethane and tetrachloroethene in water using pervaporation and gas chromatography

Irena Rutkiewicz, Wojciech Kujawski, and Jacek Namieśnik

Department of Analytical Chemistry, Chemical Faculty, Gdańsk University of Technology (GUT), 11/12 G. Narutowicza Street, 80-233 Gdańsk, Poland



Abstract: In the present study, pervaporation was applied to the determination of tetrachloroethene (PCE) and dichloromethane (DCM) in liquid samples. PCE is the most commonly used solvent in drycleaning processes. PCE belongs to group 2A of carcinogens (probably carcinogenic to humans) according to the classification of the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). DCM is also widely used as an industrial solvent for the purification and isolation of intermediates or products. DCM is classified as a “possible” human carcinogen by the IARC. The aim of this study was to evaluate a new procedure for the determination of DCM and PCE in liquid samples based on the pervaporative removal of DCM and PCE from liquid samples as an analyte isolation/enrichment technique, followed by a direct aqueous injection of the extracts onto the column of a gas chromatograph equipped with an electron capture detector (DAI-GC-ECD). The basic parameters of the new PV-DAI-GC-ECD procedure were evaluated.

Keywords: pervaporation – dichloromethane – tetrachloroethene – validation

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.2478/s11696-011-0065-7


Chemical Papers 65 (5) 578–583 (2011)

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