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Application of Taguchi method for optimization of process parameters in preparation of high-purity molybdenum disulfide

Dongqing Guo, Likang Fu, Shixing Wang, Libo Zhang, and Jinhui Peng

Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, China

 

E-mail: wsxkm@sina.com

Abstract: A new purification method for molybdenum disulfide via NaNO3–HCl–HNO3 synergistic leaching at 80 °C was developed. The effects of the concentration of NaNO3, HCl, and HNO3, and liquid–solid ratio and the leaching time on the purification of molybdenum disulfide were investigated by orthogonal array design methodology. The results of Taguchi method utilizing L25 (55) orthogonal array indicated that the NaNO3 concentration had the greatest impact on the purification of molybdenum disulfide. The optimum conditions for the purification of molybdenum disulfide were as follow: concentration of NaNO3 = 2.5%, concentration of HCl = 11%, concentration of HNO3 = 1.0%, liquid–solid ratio = 3, and the leaching time = 10 h. Under optimum conditions, the content of molybdenum increased from 55.1 to 59%, and the contents of iron, copper, lead, and calcium decreased from 0.35 to 0.21%, 0.027 to 0.008%, 0.054 to < 0.005%, and 0.27 to 0.035%, respectively. Based on molecular formula of molybdenum disulfide, the content of molybdenum disulfide increased from 91.93 to 98.44%. XRD and SEM indicated that this method removed only the impurities and did not affect the phase and particle size of molybdenum disulfide. The results show that the new purification method avoids the roasting process and will achieve the “green” production. The new method based on orthogonal array is effective for the purification of molybdenum disulfide via acid leaching.

Keywords: Purification ; Molybdenum disulfide ; Synergistic leaching ; Taguchi method 

Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-018-0544-1

 

Chemical Papers 72 (12) 2997–3003 (2018)

Friday, October 18, 2019

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