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Swelling behaviors of poly(dodecyl methacrylate-co-methyl eugenol) and poly(dodecyl methacrylate-co-methyl chavicol) gels in essential oil components

Lutfullah M. Sevgili, Aslı Gök, Ümit Kayman, and Selva Çavuş

Department of Chemical Engineering, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey



Abstract: Poly(dodecylmethacrylate-co-methyleugenol) P(DDMA-co-Meu) and poly(dodecylmethacrylate-co-methylchavicol) P(DDMA-co-Mch) gels were synthesized in ethanol using free radical cross-linking polymerization method at 60 °C for 24 h in the presence of azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN) and triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) as initiator and cross-linker, respectively. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were used to characterize the gels. These gels were used to investigate swelling behaviors in linalool and methyl eugenol, in essential oil mixture of phenyl propanoid and terpenoid, and also in various solvents. While the equilibrium swelling values (ESV) of both gels were higher in linalool than in methyl eugenol, the result was vice versa in the case of essential oil mixture. ESVs of both gels were also obtained in various solvents with different functional groups and the highest ESV of both gels were obtained in toluene, and the lowest ESV of P(DDMA-co-Meu) and P(DDMA-co-Mch) was in methanol and in ethylene glycol, respectively. While P(DDMA-co-Meu) is sensitive to carbon number change in alcohol, P(DDMA-co-Mch) is less sensitive. In the case of esters, increase of carbon number in functional group causes a more significant change in ESV than an increase of carbon number in aliphatic chain. Experimental results were correlated by the first-order and second-order models. The second-order model was more suitable than the other. While P(DDMA-co-Meu) gel swelled in linalool exhibits a Fickian diffusion character, the diffusion mechanism of the gel in methyl eugenol is a non-Fickian one. In the case of P(DDMA-co-Mch), the result is vice versa.

Keywords: Linalool; Methyl eugenol; Dodecyl methacrylate; Swelling; Diffusion; Phenyl propanoid; Terpenoid

Full paper is available at

DOI: s11696-017-0130-y


Chemical Papers 71 (8) 1399–1408 (2017)

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