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Dehydration of acetonitrile using cross-linked sodium alginate membrane containing nano-sized NaA zeolite

Somayeh Hosseini, Amir Charkhi, Abdolhamid Minuchehr, and Seyyed Javad Ahmadi

Nuclear Fuel Cycle Department, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

 

E-mail: acharkhi@aeoi.org.ir

Abstract: Pervaporation (PV) separation of water–acetonitrile mixture using sodium alginate (NaAlg) based mixed matrix membranes (MMM) comprising different amounts of nano NaA zeolite (10, 20 and 30 wt%) is investigated in various concentrations of water and temperatures. The prepared membranes are modified by sulfosuccinic acid (SSA) as a crosslinking agent. NaAlg-NaA/SSA membranes are synthesized by a solution casting technique. The process and membrane performance including separation factor, flux and activation energy of permeation are determined. Results reveal that adding of nano zeolite may lead to an increase in the flux and the separation factor of sodium alginate membrane up to 123 and 169%. In addition, using MMM in dehydration of a feed containing 30 wt% of water shows much better performance than alginate membrane. Furthermore, the activation energy of water permeation through MMM is predicted lower than sodium alginate membrane which reflects the facilitated permeation of water through MMM.

Keywords: Pervaporation; Dehydration; Acetonitrile; Sulfosuccinic acid; Sodium alginate; Nano NaA zeolite

Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-016-0103-6

 

Chemical Papers 71 (6) 1143–1153 (2017)

Wednesday, October 23, 2019

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