ISSN print edition: 0366-6352
ISSN electronic edition: 1336-9075
Registr. No.: MK SR 9/7
Synthesis, DFT calculations and characterisation of new mixed Pt(II) complexes with 3-thiolanespiro-5′-hydantoin and 4-thio-1H-tetrahydropyranspiro-5′-hydantoin
Adriana Bakalova, Boryana Nikolova-Mladenova, Rossen Buyukliev, Emiliya Cherneva, Georgi Momekov, and Darvin Ivanov
Department of Chemistry, Pharmacotherapy and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University-Sofia, 2 Dunav Str., 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria
Abstract: Cisplatin is an anticancer drug widely used in the treatment of a wide range of solid tumours (head and neck, lung, bladder etc.), testicular and ovarian cancers. Because of its severe toxicity profile and spontaneous development of drug resistance in tumours, a number of Pt(II) complexes have been synthesised and tested for anti-tumour activity. Some of the investigations have focused on using ligands bearing donor atoms other than N (e.g., S, P, O). Two new mixed Pt(II) complexes of the general formula cis-[Pt(NH3)LCl2] where L is 3-thiolanespiro-5′-hydantoin and 4-thio-1H-tetrahydropyranspiro-5′-hydantoin were synthesised. The complexes were studied by elemental analysis, melting points, IR and 1H NMR spectra. The hybrid DFT calculations were used for optimisation of the structure geometries of the ligands III, IV and their Pt(II) complexes V and VI. The structural parameters so calculated, such as bond lengths and angles, are in good agreement with the experimental data for similar hydantoins and their platinum complexes. The results showed that the geometries of complexes V and VI are plane square and the bounding of ligands III and IV with platinum ions is effected by the sulphur atom from the cyclic ring. The complexes thus obtained were chemically examined in comparison with previously synthesised and published complexes of the general formula cis-[PtL2Cl2] (VII and VIII ) with the same ligands. The new compounds V and VI, as well as the previously investigated complexes (VII and VIII ), were analysed for cytotoxicity in vitro on SKW-3 and HL-60 human tumour cell lines. The results showed that all the complexes exerted concentration-dependent anti-proliferative activity.
Keywords: Pt(II) complexes – S-heterocyclic organic ligands – DFT calculations – cytotoxicity
Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.
Chemical Papers 70 (1) 93–100 (2016)