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Hydrothermal synthesis of core-shell structured PS@GdPO4:Tb3+/Ce3+ spherical particles and their luminescence properties

Yingying Zhang, Yannan Xue, and Min Yu

Faculty of Chemistry, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, 130024 China



Abstract: Non-aggregated spherical polystyrene (PS) particles were coated with GdPO4:Tb3+/Ce3+ phosphor layers by a conventional hydrothermal synthesis using poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) as an additive without further annealing treatment. X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), photoluminescence (PL), as well as luminescence decay experiments were used to characterise the resulting core-shell structured PS@GdPO4:Tb3+/Ce3+ samples. The results of XRD indicated that the PS particles were successfully coated with the GdPO4:Tb3+/Ce3+ phosphor layers, which could be further verified by the images of FESEM. Under ultraviolet excitation, the PS@GdPO4:Tb3+/Ce3+ phosphors show Tb3+ characteristic emission, i.e. 5D4-7FJ (J = {6, 5, 4, 3}) emission lines with green emission 5D4-7F5 (543 nm) as the most prominent group. The core-shell phosphors so obtained have potential applications in field emission display (FED) and plasma display panels (PDP).

Keywords: optical material – chemical synthesis – luminescence – photoluminescence spectroscopy

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.2478/s11696-010-0088-5


Chemical Papers 65 (1) 29–35 (2011)

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