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Ascorbic acid amperometric sensor using a graphene-wrapped hierarchical TiO2 nanocomposite

Li Fu, Yu-Hong Zheng, and Zhu-Xian Fu

Institute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing Botanical Garden, Mem. Sun Yat-Sen, Nanjing 210014, China



Abstract: An ascorbic acid (AA) amperometric sensor was fabricated based on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified with a reduced graphene oxide-wrapped hierarchical TiO2 (RGO-TiO2) nanocomposite. The RGO-TiO2 nanocomposite was synthesized via the facial wet chemical method and characterized by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. Cyclic voltammetry and amperometric techniques were employed to investigate its electrocatalytic performance towards the AA oxidation. The combined advantages of RGO and TiO2 provide the electrode with higher current response and lower oxidation potential compared with those of bare GCE and TiO2 modified GCE. The proposed electrode can be used for the determination of AA in the wide concentration range from 1 to 1500 μM with the detection limit of 0.5 μM. The proposed electrode was successfully used to determine AA in vitamin C tablets and spiked fruit juice.

Keywords: ascorbic acid – reduced graphene oxide – nanocomposite – sensor – vitamin C

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1515/chempap-2015-0079


Chemical Papers 69 (5) 655–661 (2015)

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