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Vapour permeation and sorption in fluoropolymer gel membrane based on ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulphonyl)imide

Lenka Morávková, Ondřej Vopička, Jiří Vejražka, Hana Vychodilová, Zuzana Sedláková, Karel Friess, and Pavel Izák

Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals of the ASCR, v.v.i., Rozvojová 135, 16502, Prague 6, Czech Republic

 

E-mail: sedlakova@icpf.cas.cz

Abstract: The emissions of hydrocarbons from fossil fuels into atmosphere entail both an economic loss and an environmental pollution. Membrane separations can be used for vapour recovery and/or vapour removal from the permanent gas stream, given that the appropriate membrane is identified. A neat poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) membrane is impermeable to both the representatives of aliphatic hydrocarbons and branched hydrocarbons, namely hexane and isooctane, whereas the permeation flux is enhanced by the presence of 80 mass % of the ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulphonyl)imide in the membrane, as detailed in this work. The permeabilities of hydrocarbon vapours were determined from the binary mixture containing hydrocarbon and nitrogen to simulate the real input of an air stream containing a condensable hydrocarbon. The diffusion coefficient determined from sorption measurements was higher for hexane, as would be expected for a smaller molecule, whereas both the sorption isotherms and permeabilities of the hydrocarbons studied were found to be almost identical. It is possible that the sorption effect predominates in the transport mechanism for VOCs/N2 separations.

Keywords: volatile organic compound removal – ionic liquid membrane – [C2mim][Tf2N] – hexane (n-hexane) – isooctane (2,2,4-trimethylpentane) – hydrocarbon removal

Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.

DOI: 10.2478/s11696-014-0623-x

 

Chemical Papers 68 (12) 1739–1746 (2014)

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