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Microwave hydrothermal synthesis, characterisation, and catalytic performance of Zn1−xMnxO in cellulose conversion

Maria I. B. Bernardi, Vinícius D. Araújo, Caue Ribeiro, Waldir Avansi, Elson Longo, Nilson J. A. de Albuquerque, Simoni M. P. Meneghetti, Rusiene M. Almeida, and Humberto V. Fajardo

Institute of Physics - USP, 13560-970, São Carlos - SP, Brazil



Abstract: Wurtzite-type Zn1−xMnxO (x = 0, 0.03, 0.05, 0.07) nanostructures were successfully synthesised using a simple microwave-assisted hydrothermal route and their catalytic properties were investigated in the cellulose conversion. The morphology of the nanocatalysts is dopant-dependent. Pure ZnO presented multi-plate morphology with a flower-like shape of nanometric sizes, while the Zn0.97Mn0.03O sample is formed by nanoplates with the presence of spherical nanoparticles; the Zn0.95Mn0.05O and Zn0.93Mn0.07O samples are mainly formed by nanorods with the presence of a small quantity of spherical nanoparticles. The catalyst without Mn did not show any catalytic activity in the cellulose conversion. The Mn doping promoted an increase in the density of weak acid sites which, according to the catalytic results, favoured promotion of the reaction.

Keywords: zinc oxide – catalysts – hydrothermal synthesis – cellulose

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.2478/s11696-013-0468-8


Chemical Papers 68 (9) 1213–1218 (2014)

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