ISSN print edition: 0366-6352
ISSN electronic edition: 1336-9075
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Synthesis and characterization of a silylated Brazilian clay mineral surface

Márcia M. F. Silva, Saloana S. S. Gomes, Maria G. Fonseca, Kaline S. Sousa, José G. P. Espínola, and Edson C. da Silva Filho

Chemistry Department of Paraíba Federal University, João Pessoa, 58051-970, Paraíba, Brazil



Abstract: Clay mineral containing kaolinite, illite and montmorillonite was organofunctionalized with silylating agents: (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane, 3-[2-(2-aminoethylamino)ethylamino]propyl-trimethoxysilane and (3-mercaptopropyl)trimethoxy-silane, to yield three hybrids labelled Clay1, Clay2 and Clay3, respectively. These solids were characterized using elemental analysis, thermogravimetry, X-ray diffractometry, infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron micrograph, and 29Si and 27Al solid state NMR. Immobilized quantities of the organic groups were 0.66 mmol g−1, 0.48 mmol g−1 and 0.88 mmol g−1 for Clayx (x = 1–3), respectively. X-ray diffraction patterns confirmed the immobilization of silanes onto the surface without changes in the textural properties of the clay mineral as noted from the SEM images. Spectroscopic measurements were in agreement with the covalent bonding between the silanes and the hydroxyl groups deposited on the surface. The new hybrids were utilized as adsorbents of cobalt in aqueous solution, with retention values of 0.78 mmol g−1, 1.1 mmol g−1 and 0.70 mmol g−1 for Clayx (x = 1–3), respectively.

Keywords: clay mineral – silylation – adsorption – inorganic-organic hybrids

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.2478/s11696-013-0525-3


Chemical Papers 68 (7) 950–958 (2014)

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