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Non-enzymatic hydrogen peroxide sensor based on a nanoporous gold electrode modified with platinum nanoparticles

Guang Yin, Ling Xing, Xiu-Ju Ma, and Jun Wan

Key Laboratory of Eco-chemical Engineering, Ministry of Education, College of Environment and Safety Engineering, Qingdao, China

 

E-mail: wanjundz@sohu.com

Abstract: A novel non-enzymatic electrochemical sensor based on a nanoporous gold electrode modified with platinum nanoparticles was constructed for the determination of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Platinum nanoparticles exhibit good electrocatalytic activity towards hydrogen peroxide. The nanoporous gold (NPG) increases the effective surface area and has the capacity to promote electron-transfer reactions. With electrodeposition of Pt nanoparticles (NPs) on the surface of the nanoporous gold, the modified Au electrode afforded a fast, sensitive and selective electrochemical method for the determination of H2O2. The linear range for the detection of H2O2 was from 1.0 × 10−7 M to 2.0 × 10−5 M while the calculated limit of detection was 7.2 × 10−8 M on the basis of the 3σ/slope (σ represents the standard deviation of the blank samples). These findings could lead to the widespread use of electrochemical sensors to detect H2O2.

Keywords: hydrogen peroxide – platinum nanoparticles – nanoporous gold – electrodeposition – enzyme-free – amperometric sensor

Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.

DOI: 10.2478/s11696-013-0473-y

 

Chemical Papers 68 (4) 435–441 (2014)

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