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Kinetics of thermal decomposition of aseptic packages

Juma Haydary and Dalibor Susa

Institute of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Radlinského 9, 812 37, Bratislava, Slovakia

 

E-mail: juma.haydary@stuba.sk

Abstract: Kinetics of thermal decomposition of aseptic packages (e.g. Tetrapak cartons) and pyrolysis of this waste in a laboratory flow reactor was studied. Three different models for the calculation of the reaction rate and the determination of apparent kinetic parameters of thermal decomposition were used. The first method assumes a two stage thermal decomposition and the kinetic parameters were determined by fitting a derivative thermogravimetric (DTG) curve to experimentally determined thermogravimetric data of whole aseptic cartons. The second method uses kinetic parameters determined by fitting DTG curves to thermogravimetric data of individual components of aseptic packages. The last method was a multi-curve isoconversion method assuming a change of kinetic parameters with the increasing conversion. All types of the determined kinetic parameters were used in a mathematical model for thermal decomposition of mini briquettes made from aseptic packages at the temperature of 650°C. The model calculated also the heat conduction in the particles and it was verified by an independent set of experiments conducted in a laboratory screw type flow reactor.

Keywords: pyrolysis – kinetics – aseptic packages – Tetrapak

Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.

DOI: 10.2478/s11696-013-0319-7

 

Chemical Papers 67 (12) 1514–1520 (2013)

Sunday, January 23, 2022

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