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Comparative study of particle size analysis of hydroxyapatite-based nanomaterials

Réka Barabás, Melinda Czikó, Imre Dékány, Liliana Bizo, and Erzsébet Sára Bogya

Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Babes-Bolyai University, 11 Arany Janos Street, 400028, Cluj-Napoca, Romania



Abstract: The purpose of this work was to compare hydroxyapatite (HAP) and composites of HAP, HAP with chitosan (CS), and HAP with poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP), in terms of their particle size and morphology, using different methods, such as Coulter counter analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Although many researchers have studied HAP and CS/HAP and PVP/HAP composites extensively, there is no evidence of a comparative study of their particle sizes. For this reason, different complementary methods have been used so as to provide a more complete image of final product properties — particle size — from the perspective of possible applications. The syntheses of HAP and HAP with polymer nanoparticles were carried out employing a precipitation method. Variation in particle size with synthesis time and influence of the reactants’ concentration on the materials’ preparation were systematically explored. Crystallite size calculated from XRD data revealed nanosized particles of HAP, CS/HAP, and PVP/HAP materials in the range of 2.5–9.2 nm. Coulter counter analysis revealed mean particle sizes of one thousand orders of magnitude larger, confirming that this technique measures agglomerates, not individual particles. In addition, the particles’ morphology and an assessment of their binding mode were completed by TEM measurements.

Keywords: nano-hydroxyapatite – chitosan/hydroxyapatite – poly(vinyl pyrrolidone)/hydroxyapatite – crystallite size – X-ray diffraction – Coulter counter analysis

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.2478/s11696-013-0409-6


Chemical Papers 67 (11) 1414–1423 (2013)

Monday, May 27, 2024

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