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Preparation of polyaniline in the presence of polymeric sulfonic acids mixtures: the role of intermolecular interactions between polyacids

Oxana L. Gribkova, Olga D. Omelchenko, Miroslava Trchová, Alexander A. Nekrasov, Victor F. Ivanov, Vladimir A. Tverskoy, and Anatoly V. Vannikov

A. N. Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninskii pr. 31, Moscow, 119071, Russian Federation

 

E-mail: oxgribkova@gmail.com

Abstract: Polyaniline (PANI) was synthesized by chemical oxidation of aniline in the presence of mixtures of water-soluble poly(sulfonic acids) of different nature. Under these conditions, the use of polyacid templates leads to the formation of interpolymer complexes of PANI and polyacid mixtures. The obtained PANI complexes were characterized by UV, visible, near IR, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. It was shown that the rigidity of the polyacid backbone and the composition of a polyacid mixture affect the electronic structure of PANI complexes and the duration of the induction period of aniline oxidation. Domination of the more rigid-backbone template in the synthesis of PANI complexes with mixtures of the rigid- and flexible-backbone polyacids was observed. According to the viscometry and FTIR spectroscopic data, the reason of the domination is the existence of the intermolecular interaction between the polyacids in the mixture. In this case, duration of the induction period of aniline oxidation was between these values for pure polyacids.

Keywords: conducting polymers – polyaniline – UV-VIS-NIR – FTIR spectroscopy

Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.

DOI: 10.2478/s11696-013-0384-y

 

Chemical Papers 67 (8) 952–960 (2013)

Monday, September 26, 2022

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