ISSN print edition: 0366-6352
ISSN electronic edition: 1336-9075
Registr. No.: MK SR 9/7
Pyrolytic and catalytic conversion of rape oil into aromatic and aliphatic fractions in a fixed bed reactor on Al2O3 and Al2O3/B2O3 catalysts
Piotr Kirszensztejn, Robert Przekop, Agnieszka Tolińska, and Ewa Maćkowska
Faculty of Chemistry, A. Mickiewicz University, Grunwaldzka 6, 60-780 Poznań, Poland
Received: 17 April 2008 Revised: 16 October 2008 Accepted: 20 October 2008
Abstract: In the, at present, unstable fuel market, much attention is devoted to alternative technologies for fuel production and development
of alternative products of the petrochemical industry. One of the prospective sources of fuel and alternative petrochemical
products is biomass, and the use of oil plants is one of the possibilities. This paper reports on a possible conversion of
rapeseed oil produced in Poland into intermediate hydrocarbon fractions by pyrolysis combined with parallel catalytic conversion.
The products were analysed by gas chromatography coupled with a mass detector. The process was performed in a fixed-bed reactor
and was monitored by FTIR and 1H NMR. Depending on the catalysts applied, the products contained: water, carbon oxides, hydrogen, aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbons
accompanied by some amount of C2-C5 hydrocarbons formed during the cracking process.
Keywords: alternative energy sources - biomass cracking - pyrolysis - plant oil
Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.
Chemical Papers 63 (2) 226–232 (2009)