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Investigation of 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole azodye derivatives as reagents for determination of mercury(II)

Abdalla M. Khedr

Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt



Received: 2 October 2007  Revised: 21 March 2008  Accepted: 21 March 2008

Abstract: The reaction of mercury(II) with 3-(2,4-dihydroxyphen-1-ylazo)-1,2,4-triazole (HL1), 3-(2-hydroxy-5-methylphen-1-ylazo)-1,2,4-triazole (HL2), 3-(2-hydroxy-5-ethoxycarbonylphen-1-ylazo)-1,2,4-triazole (HL3), 3-(2-hydroxy-5-acetylphen-1-ylazo)-1,2,4-triazole (HL4), 3-(2-hydroxy-5-formylphen-1-ylazo)-1,2,4-triazole (HL5), and 3-(2-hydroxy-5-bromophen-1-ylazo)-1,2,4-triazole (HL6) was studied. A new, direct, and simple procedure was suggested for the spectrophotometric determination of mercury(II) based on its complexation reaction with HL1-HL6. The best reagent was found to be HL3 due to its high sensitivity and selectivity. In aqueous media of pH 9.0 containing 40 vol. % of methanol, Hg(II) reacts with HL3 to form a 1:2 (Hg(II) · HL3) complex having a sensitive absorption peak at 490 nm with the molar extinction coefficient of 3.31 × 104 L mol−1 cm−1 using 4 × 10−4 M of the reagent. Beer’s law is obeyed over the range from 0.00 µg mL−1 to 12.04 µg mL−1 of mercury(II). The proposed method was applied in the determination of mercury(II) in tap water, seawater and synthetic seawater samples, without the need of prior treatment, with satisfactory results.

Keywords: azo-triazole - spectrophotometric determination - mercury(II)

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.2478/s11696-008-0071-6


Chemical Papers 62 (6) 541–546 (2008)

Monday, April 19, 2021

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