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Collagen-grafted ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene for biomedical applications

Jindřiška Bočková, Lucy Vojtová, Radek Přikryl, Jan Čechal, and Josef Jančář

Institute of Materials Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Brno University of Technology, Purkyňova 464/118, 612 00 Brno, Czech Republic

 

E-mail: xcbockova@fch.vutbr.cz

Received: 14 November 2007  Revised: 16 April 2008  Accepted: 28 April 2008

Abstract: A novel material for hard tissue implants has been prepared. The ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) was grafted with collagen I, to improve its biocompatibility with soft tissue in case of its usage in bone engineering. Before collagen immobilization, commercial grade UHMWPE was treated with air plasma to introduce hydroperoxides onto the surface and subsequently grafted with carboxylic acid to functionalize the surface. Acrylic acid and itaconic acid were used for surface functionalization. After graft polymerization of carboxylic acids, collagen was immobilized covalently through the amide bonds between residual amino and carboxyl groups in the presence of water-soluble carbodiimide/hydroxysuccinimide cross-linking system. Each step of modification was characterized using spectroscopic (EPR, ATR-FTIR, and XPS), microscopic (SEM and CLSM), and contact angle measurement methods. The experimental results showed that plasma treatment led to a generation of free radicals on the UHMWPE surface resulting in the formation of unstable hydroperoxides. These reactive species were used to graft unsaturated carboxylic acids onto UHMWPE. Consequently, collagen was grafted via the-NH2 and-COOH reaction. The obtained experimental data along with microscopic observations confirmed the success of graft poly-merization of itaconic as well as of acrylic acid and collagen immobilization onto the UHMWPE surface.

Keywords: ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene - collagen immobilization - biocompatibility - free radical - cold plasma

Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.

DOI: 10.2478/s11696-008-0076-1

 

Chemical Papers 62 (6) 580–588 (2008)

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