ISSN print edition: 0366-6352
ISSN electronic edition: 1336-9075
Registr. No.: MK SR 9/7

Published monthly

Physiochemical analysis of titanium dioxide and polyacrylamide nanofluid for enhanced oil recovery at low salinity

Zeeshan Ali Lashari, Shaine Muhammadali Lalji, Syed Imran Ali, Deepak Kumar, Bilal Khan, and Usman Tunio

Department of Petroleum and Gas Engineering, Dawood University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi, Pakistan



Received: 28 November 2023  Accepted: 17 January 2024


Nanofluids have been extensively applied in reservoirs to improve hydrocarbons recovery. An experimental investigation of nanofluids prepared with titanium dioxide nanoparticles with polyacrylamide at low salinity (NaCl 0.50 wt%) was conducted to study the value addition they bring to Enhanced Oil Recovery Process. Characterization was performed in terms of sedimentation, effect of pH, morphology with EDS, FTIR and XRD to better understand the nanofluids. The effect by varying concentrations of TiO2 was studied in brine solutions. Precisely, three different concentrations of nanoparticles (0.1, 0.20 and 0.30 wt%) were used in various brine solutions, under fixed salt concentration of 1.0 wt% each, whereas PAM (Polyacrylamide) polymer was utilized in concentrations of 0.10–0.40 wt%. The microstructure of TiO2 along with elemental analysis was performed. In addition, analytical techniques FTIR and XRD was performed to better understand the TiO2. Moreover, sedimentation was observed in all solutions, which mark sufficient time for sedimentation that was observed 72 h. In addition, effect of salt on pH, TDS and viscosity was analyzed. Optimized concentration of nanofluids (PAM 0.40 wt% and TiO2 0.20 wt%) was obtained for application in low salinity reservoirs.

Keywords: Titanium dioxide; Enhance Oil recovery; Nanofluids; Polyacrylamide

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-024-03334-4


Chemical Papers 78 (6) 3629–3637 (2024)

Wednesday, June 19, 2024

SCImago Journal Rank 2021
European Symposium on Analytical Spectrometry ESAS 2022
© 2024 Chemical Papers