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Exploration of interaction existing between methyl chavicol and bovine serum albumin using spectroscopic and molecular modelling techniques

Anju Singh, D. K. Sinha, Meenakshi Verma, Sourbh Thakur, Abhishek Awasthi, and Kamal Kishor Thakur

Department of Chemistry, University Institute of Sciences, Chandigarh University, Gharuan, India



Received: 1 June 2023  Accepted: 2 December 2023


Methyl chavicol (MC), also known as 1-methoxy-4-prop-2-enylbenzene, estragole or p-allylanisole, is a specific metabolite that can be found in the essential oils of both culinary and medicinal plants. It has antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and insecticidal properties. In order to determine the binding mechanism and conformational changes of the in vitro interaction of MC with bovine serum albumin (BSA), several biophysical techniques as well as molecular modelling methods have been used. The fluorescence emission from BSA in the presence of MC at three distinctive temperatures was measured using 290 nm excitation wavelength. BSA's intrinsic fluorescence has been quenched by MC via a static process. The absorption peak shifts as a result of the development of the MC–BSA complex. Binding of MC with BSA caused conformational alterations, as seen by the fluorescence, UV–Vis absorption, circular dichroism and FTIR data. The values of the binding constants get increased as the temperature rises, indicating a stable complex formation under these conditions. Further, Site II, of BSA, has been discovered to have the strongest MC-binding affinity and hydrophobic interactions have been hypothesized to be the dominant interaction type in the BSA–MC complex because of the positive levels of enthalpy and entropy changes.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords: Protein–ligand interactions; Phytochemicals; Fluorescence spectroscopy; Circular dichroism; Docking

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-023-03258-5


Chemical Papers 78 (4) 2537–2548 (2024)

Sunday, June 23, 2024

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