ISSN print edition: 0366-6352
ISSN electronic edition: 1336-9075
Registr. No.: MK SR 9/7

Published monthly

Prospective investigation for iron (III) removal from aqueous solutions with solvent extraction technique using Octylamine and N,N-dimethylaniline extractant

Amal H. Al-Bagawi and Tahani Y. A. Alanazi

Department of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Ha’il, Ha’il City, Saudi Arabia



Received: 2 April 2023  Accepted: 13 July 2023


The potential impact of the liquid–liquid extraction technique for the removal and extraction of iron (III) metal ions has been investigated utilizing different basic extractants. In this respect, Octylamine and N,N-dimethylaniline as primary and tertiary amines were employed for the elimination of Fe(III) ions using benzine as a diluent and with the examination of various supportive parameters as solution pH, contact period, extractant concentration, metal ion concentration, diluent type and loading capacity. The solvent extraction results demonstrated that the maximum removal % of Fe(III) was found to be 96 and 92% for Octylamine and N, N-dimethylaniline, respectively, and it was fast, reached equilibrium after 30 min., and optimized at pH 2 with 0.05 M of the utilized extractants. According to the distribution coefficient calculations, two moles of Octylamine extractant are required for the extraction of a mole of Fe(III) ion, while for N,N-dimethylaniline one mole of it is for extraction of a mole of Fe(III) ion. Moreover, the maximum loading capacity of Fe(III) ions in the organic phase after 5 subsequent stages was 49.8 and 45.4 g/L for Octylamine and N,N-dimethylaniline, respectively. Therefore, the proposed system emphasizes and highlights the promising capability for future progress in the field of extraction techniques and wastewater management.

Keywords: Liquid–Liquid extraction; Iron removal; Basic organic extractant; Acidic medium

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-023-02973-3


Chemical Papers 77 (11) 6739–6745 (2023)

Sunday, June 23, 2024

SCImago Journal Rank 2021
European Symposium on Analytical Spectrometry ESAS 2022
© 2024 Chemical Papers