ISSN print edition: 0366-6352
ISSN electronic edition: 1336-9075
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Degradation of mixtures of pressure-regulating drugs present in different matrices using magnetite/Fenton

Vanessa de Oliveira Marques Cavalcanti, Rayany Magali da Rocha Santana, Fernanda Sobreira Silva, Alex Leandro Andrade de Lucena, Victor Estolano Lima, Antônio Acacio de Melo Neto, Graziele Elisandra do Nascimento, and Daniella Carla Napoleão

Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil



Received: 18 March 2022  Accepted: 26 May 2022



The presence of pharmaceutical compounds has been increasingly frequent in aquatic matrices. This is due to the low efficiency of treatment plants against these compounds. Therefore, in this work, the efficiency of the treatment via heterogeneous photo-Fenton process was studied, containing a mixture of the drugs atenolol and propranolol, in two matrices (aqueous solution (AS) and synthetic effluent (SE)), using magnetite as catalyst. Univariate studies to verify the influence of the operational parameters have shown that it is possible to treat contaminants at the natural pH of the solution (5–6), which is not possible when dealing with homogeneous Fenton reactions. It was also observed that [magnetite] equal to 3.5 g‧L−1 and [H2O2] of 80 mg‧L−1 are efficient to promote the degradation of drugs in AS, reaching 94.8 and 100% for the groups analyzed at wavelengths of 215 and 280 nm, respectively. For the SE the results obtained were equal to 41.8 and 97.3% at λ of 209 and 280 nm. The drug degradation kinetics, in the two matrices, showed a pseudo-first-order profile, with no formation of by-products after chromatographic analysis. With this, it was evidenced that the treated matrices did not present toxicity to the seeds.

Graphical abstract

Keywords: Atenolol; AOP; Heterogeneous process; Propranolol; Photo-Fenton

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-022-02304-y


Chemical Papers 76 (10) 6297–6308 (2022)

Thursday, June 13, 2024

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