ISSN print edition: 0366-6352
ISSN electronic edition: 1336-9075
Registr. No.: MK SR 9/7

Published monthly

Multiple linear regression to predict the brightness of waste fibres mixtures before bleaching

Giorgio Tofani, Iris Cornet, and Serge Tavernier

iPRACS – Intelligence in Processes, Advanced Catalysts and Solvents, Faculty of Applied Engineering, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium



Received: 1 December 2021  Accepted: 16 March 2022


Waste paper is recovered and bleached to produce recycled newsprints and magazines. It is composed of a fibre mixture from different wood pulping processes. Each type of fibre shows a different reactivity towards bleaching. Consequently, if the composition of waste paper changes over time, the actual industrial bleaching process may no longer be suitable to achieve the intended brightness. This study aims to develop a multiple linear regression that correlates brightness and fibre composition to determine in advance whether a waste paper stream can achieve the intended brightness. Several samples of four of the most representative fibre types were bleached under specific laboratory conditions, and the resulting brightness was used to develop the regression. The resulting model is valid and consistent when the amount of bleached fibre chemically pulped type in the mixed fibre stream does not exceed 80%. Waste samples with a known fibre composition were then bleached to verify the model. The measured brightness followed the same trend predicted by the regression but was lower at a constant value. The use of a correction factor allowed for a good fit. The cause of this discrepancy could be the differences between the reference fibre mixtures and waste paper pulp not included in the model (e.g. contaminants or collapsed fibres). This work is a first step to develop a simple statistical tool to estimate the brightness of waste paper pulp, despite some limitations.

Graphical abstract

Keywords: Waste paper; Bleaching; Multiple linear regression; Pulping; Brightness; Wood fibres

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-022-02181-5


Chemical Papers 76 (7) 4351–4365 (2022)

Thursday, June 20, 2024

SCImago Journal Rank 2021
European Symposium on Analytical Spectrometry ESAS 2022
© 2024 Chemical Papers