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Investigation of the effect of temperature and electrolytes on the physicochemical parameters for the self-assembly of dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide

Md Al Amin Hossain, Mst. Nigar Sultana, Javed Masood Khan, Md. Tuhinur R. Joy, Suman C. Mohanta, Md. Ruhul Amin, Md. Farhad Hossain, Mohammad Irfan, Mohammad Z. Ahmed, Dileep Kumar, Md. Anamul Hoque, and Shariff E. Kabir

Department of Chemistry, Jashore University of Science and Technology, Jashore, Bangladesh

 

E-mail: dileepkumar@tdtu.edu.vn

Received: 29 August 2021  Accepted: 22 October 2021

Abstract:

In this work, we investigated the impact of different electrolytes (NaBr, Na2SO4, and Na3PO4) and temperatures on the aggregation behavior of dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide (DTAB) through the conductivity measurement technique. The measurements were conducted at a single fixed temperature (310.55 K) for different concentrations of electrolytes and a range of temperatures (300.55–320.55) K with a 5 K interval for one chosen concentration of all electrolytes. The critical micelle concentration (CMC) values decreased in attendance of salts as well but were found higher with the enhancement of temperature. In attendance of salts, the CMC values of DTAB at 310.55 K and ionic strength (I) of 1 mmol kg−1 followed the order: \({c}_{\mathrm{NaBr}}> {c}_{{\mathrm{Na}}_{2}{\mathrm{SO}}_{4}}>{c}_{{\mathrm{Na}}_{3}{\mathrm{PO}}_{4}}\). The ∆G0m values were found negative for DTAB aggregation in electrolytes solutions which indicates that the micellization process was spontaneous in nature. For DTAB in electrolytes media, the micellization processes is both enthalpy and entropy dominated which is revealed by the values of \({\Delta H}_{\mathrm{m}}^{0}\) & ∆S0m. The enthalpy–entropy compensation was determined from the linear relationship between ∆H0m and ∆S0m values in every circumstance. The compensation temperature and intrinsic enthalpy gain were determined and illustrated.

Keywords: DTAB; Electrolytes; Critical micelle concentration (CMC); Thermodynamic parameters; Compensation temperature

Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-021-01952-w

 

Chemical Papers 76 (3) 1501–1511 (2022)

Tuesday, June 25, 2024

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