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Development of NiFeSi mixed oxide catalysts for CO methanation

Filiz Balıkçı Derekaya, Nida Arasan, and Çiğdem Güldür

Faculty of Engineering, Chemical Engineering Department, Gazi University, Maltepe, Ankara, Turkey



Received: 21 July 2021  Accepted: 24 September 2021


NiFeSi mixed oxide catalysts were prepared using the surfactant-assisted co-precipitation method to remove the CO which may be present in the fuel before entering the fuel cell, and the catalysts were calcined at two different temperatures in order to determine the effect of the calcination temperature on the characteristic properties. Catalysts were prepared in four different NiO, Fe2O3 and SiO2 weight ratios. The X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), N2 physisorption, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray (EDS) analysis were used to characterize the catalysts. CO methanation was done using 1% CO, 50% H2 and the remainder He feed condition. The reaction temperature varied between the 125 °C and 375 °C. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that catalysts composed of NiO, Fe2O3 and SiO2 crystal phases. Catalysts calcined at 500 °C gave highest surface areas and their structures are composed of spherical particles on the surface. Low surface areas were obtained in catalysts calcined at 700 °C due to structural deterioration, such as small pores breaking down and combining to form large pores. Due to the increase in calcination temperature from 500 °C to 700 °C, the rod-like particles were formed from spherical particles. Activity studies were done over the catalysts calcined at 500 °C since they have highest surface area values. Between the catalysts, 0.8/0.2/1 NiFeSi mixed oxide catalyst gave the highest activity which gave 50% CO conversion at 188 °C and 100% CO conversion at T > 275 °C.

Keywords: Carbon monoxide; Methanation; Catalysts

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-021-01905-3


Chemical Papers 76 (2) 841–854 (2022)

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