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Endothelial cell adhesion on polyelectrolyte multilayer films functionalised with fibronectin and collagen

Nahla Zanina, Soumaya Haddad, Ali Othmane, Thierry Jouenne, David Vaudry, Mina Souiri, and Laurence Mora

Biophysic Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, University of Monastir, 5019 Monastir, Tunisia


E-mail: Ali.Othmane@fmm.rnu.tnc

Abstract: The seeding of endothelial cells on biomaterial surfaces has become a major challenge to achieve better haemocompatibility of these surfaces. Multilayers of polyelectrolytes formed by the layerby-layer method are promising in this respect. In this study, the interactions of endothelial cells with multilayered polyelectrolytes films were investigated. The build-ups were prepared by selfassembled alternatively adsorbed polyanions and polycations functionalised with fibronectin and collagen. Anionic poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate) and cationic poly(allylamine hydrochloride) polyelectrolytes were chosen as a model system. Elaborated surfaces were characterised by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry. The modified electrode showed good reversible electrochemical properties and high stability in an electrolyte solution. The film ohmic resistance was highest when the film was coated with fibronectin; the parameters so determined were correlated with atomic force microscopy images. Cell colorimetric assay (WST-1) and immunofluorescence were used to quantify the cell viability and evaluate the adhesion properties. When cultured on a surface where proteins were deposited, cells adhered and proliferated better with fibronectin than with collagen. In addition, a high surface free energy was favourable to adhesion and proliferation (48.8 mJ m−2 for fibronectin and 39.7 mJ m−2 for collagen, respectively). Endothelial cells seeded on functionalised-polyelectrolyte multilayer films showed a good morphology and adhesion necessary for the development of a new endothelium.

Keywords: polyelectrolyte multilayers – endothelial cells – cell adhesion – proliferation – atomic force microscopy – wettability – electrochemical impedance spectroscopy

Full paper is available at

DOI: 10.2478/s11696-012-0141-7


Chemical Papers 66 (5) 532–542 (2012)

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