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Aluminium powder as a reactive template for preparation of carbon flakes from CCl4

Erik Šimon, Peter Billik, Ľubomír Orovčík, Štefan Nagy, Vlasta Sasinková, Martin T. Palou, Martin Škrátek, Veronika Trembošová, and Gustav Plesch

Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Comenius University in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia

 

E-mail: erik.simon@savba.sk

Received: 10 April 2020  Accepted: 30 July 2020

Abstract:

Abstract

This work presents a simple procedure for the preparation of 2D carbon flakes by a catalyst-free redox reaction in the range of 400–600 °C at atmospheric pressure. Tetrachloromethane (CCl4) was reduced by aluminium flakes (Al), which also serve as a template for carbon flakes, for either 60 min or 120 min. Gaseous aluminium chloride (AlCl3) was released from the synthesis. According to BET analysis, the prepared carbon flakes exhibit a mesoporous structure with surface area in the range of 300–500 m2 g−1. The 2D morphology and amorphous character was confirmed by XRD, Raman spectra and TEM analyses. In addition, SEM and TEM images revealed the carbon flakes are composed from carbon layers which can be also folded. A mechanism of their formation was also proposed. At higher reaction temperature, e.g., 700 °C, 1D carbon nanostructures with worm-like morphology was obtained.

Graphic Abstract

Keywords: Carbon flakes; CCl4; Aluminium flakes; Reduction; Mesoporous carbon

Full paper is available at www.springerlink.com.

DOI: 10.1007/s11696-020-01303-1

 

Chemical Papers 74 (12) 4599–4607 (2020)

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